During the Power Point, I worked on many different strategies to help me learn to teach basic math skills.
Addition Strategies: Using COMMUTATIVE PROPERTY such as 5 + 3 = 3 + 5, called Turnaround Facts, can be helpful to help children learn. Also, counting on is a beginning step for learning addition facts. Do not discourage children from counting on their fingers as this is a good beginning strategy and they will stop once they are ready. Counting on and counting on fingers is useful but it is time-consuming. So, we want to give children other strategies to help them. Such as:
- Adding Zero (especially using manipulatives, so they don’t get confused)
- One More Than
- Two More Than
- Adding Doubles
- Near Doubles
- Combinations to Ten (using tens frame is helpful for this)
- Adding to Ten and Beyond
Subtraction Strategies: Again, there several ways to help children master subtraction besides just counting back, which again is very time-consuming.
- Think Addition
- Down over 10
- Take from the 10 (ex: 17 – 9 …. 10 – 9 = 1 + 7 = 8) This was a great addition to my subtraction repertoire that I will definitely remember.
Multiplication Strategies: Using books is especially helpful for laying the foundation for learning multiplication. I loved this idea and will definitely use the books suggested: Each Orange Had 8 Slices, Anno’s Mysterious Multiplying Jar, What Comes in 2’s, 3’s, & 4’s, and Amanda Bean’s Amazing Dream. Then once you have read about things that come in groups, have the class make a list of things that come in groups. Remind them to use usual groups and not crazy things 🙂 Then, make a class book. I have done this in kindergarten and it didn’t seem that powerful. But, I can definitely see how having student create a class book in an older grade (2nd) would be wonderful! Love this! Other strategies to use:
- Circles and Stars Game
- How Long? How Many? (with the rods) I have never seen this before and LOVED the game – how much fun to be learning multiplication without even realizing it!
Division Strategies: I used multiplication/division skills when I divided the list of fractions. I didn’t even think about it.
Finally, what about Time Tests???? They will benefit fewer than they will impede from what I heard because of things like:
- they will improve skills children already know
- they will not promote reasoned approaches because students don’t have enough time to think through strategies
- they will produce few long-lasting results
- they will reward few but punish many
- they can give some students a strong dislike for math and a faulty idea of learning math